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Renaissance vs. Middle Ages PDF Print E-mail

Contrasting the Renaissance and Later Middle Ages
Created in 1998 by Chaffey Classes of ’99, ’00, & '01

 

Renaissance Later Middle Ages
 
Ideal:
  • Virtù – Renaissance Man should be well-rounded (Castaglione)
Ideal:
  • Man is well-versed in one subject.
Religion:
  • The state is supreme to the church.
  • "New Monarchs" assert power over national churches.
  • Reformation
  • Rise of skepticism
  • Renaissance popes worldly and corrupt
Religion:
  • Dominated politics; sought unified Christian Europe.
  • Church is supreme to the state.
  • Inquisition started in 1223; dissenters dealt with harshly
Sculpture:
  • Greek and Roman classical influences.
  • Use of bronze (Donatello)
Sculpture:
  • More gothic; extremely detailed.
Art:
  • Increased emphasis on secular themes.
  • Classic Greek and Roman ideals.
  • Use of perspective.
  • Chiaroscuro
  • Increased use of oil paints.
  • Brighter colors
  • More emotion
  • Real people and settings depicted.
  • Patronized largely by merchant princes
  • Renaissance popes patronized renaissance art
Art:
  • Gothic style
  • Byzantine style dominates; nearly totally religious.
  • Stiff, 1-dimentional figures.
  • Less emotion
  • Use of gold to illuminate figures.
  • Lack of perspective.
  • Lack of chiaroscuro
  • Patronized mostly by the church
Architecture:
  • Rounded arches, clear lines.
  • Less detailed
  • Focus on balance and form
Architecture:
  • Gothic style
  • Pointed arches
  • Elaborate detail
Literature:
  • More secular
  • Vernacular
  • Covered wider variety of subjects (politics, art, short stories)
  • Humanism
  • Focused on the individual
  • Imitated ancient Greek and Roman literature.
  • Increased use of printing press; propaganda
Literature:
  • Based almost solely on religion.
  • Written in Latin
  • Church was greatest patron of arts and literature.
  • Little political criticism.
  • Hand-written
Technology:
  • Use of printing press
  • New inventions for exploration
Technology:
  • Depended on scribes
 Marriage and Family:
  • Divorce available in certain cases
  • More prostitution
  • Marriages based more on romance.
  • Woman was to make herself pleasing to the man (Castaglione)
  • Sexual double standard
  • Increased infanticide
Marriage and Family:
  • Divorce nonexistent
  • Marriages arranged for economic reasons.
  • Prostitution in urban areas
  • Ave. age for men: mid-late twenties
  • Avg. age for women: less than 20 years old.
  • Church encouraged cult of paternal care.
  • Many couples did not observe church regulations on marriage.
  • Manners shaped men to please women.
  • Relative sexual equality
Status of Women:
  • Legal status of women declined.
  • Most women not affected by Renaissance
  • Educated women allowed involvement but subservient to men.
  • Rape not considered serious crime.
Status of Women:
 
Politics:
  • State is supreme over the church.
  • New Monarchs assert control over national churches.
  • Machiavelli
Politics:
  • Church is supreme over the state.
African slavery introduced. Few blacks lived in Europe.
Exploration and expansion. Crusades

Last Updated ( Sunday, 14 September 2008 )